Posted on August 22, 2015
Today I want to talk a bit about two American writers.
The older of the two, Dorothy Parker, was on this date in 1893. She grew up (in New York City!) to write poems, short stories, and screenplays. She was also a critic and was well known for her satire and other witty writing.
Parker was a founding member of the Algonquin Round Table – a group of writers and guests who met almost daily for lunch at the Algonquin Hotel. She won two Academy Awards – one for writing the screenplay for A Star Is Born – and she won the prestigious O. Henry Award for one of her short stories.
So, she was successful.
But she is perhaps even more famous for getting involved with political movements, and she promoted cicil liberties and civil rights movements. She helped to start up the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League before World War II, and she worked against Fascism in Spain, too, heading the Spanish Children's Relief and Project Rescue Ship. Actually, I cannot list all of the causes she worked on and leant her name to – there were a lot!
All that political action made her suspect to some. The FBI started watching her, and Parker was considered to be a Communist by some conservative forces in the U.S. We're talking the McCarthy era, here: a time when people could just accuse you – without evidence! – of being a “Commie” and end up ruining your career. Dorothy Parker ended up being on the Hollywood blacklist for her political views.
When Parker died, at age 73, she left all her money to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. When he died, her money was passed on to the NAACP, an organization that works for civil rights for people of color.
|I bet, when Parker wrote that, she was thinking|
of ugliness as racism, misogyny, and other
forms of bigotry!
Bradbury was born several decades after Parker, on this date in 1920, in Illinois. Bradbury also lived in Tucson, Arizona, and Los Angeles, California – reaching L.A. when Bradbury was 14 years old.
Bradbury was excited to live in L.A., because he adored Hollywood. He joined drama club at high school, and he often roller-skated through Hollywood, hoping to meet celebrities.
Well, young Bradbury-on-skates DID see stars! He even got to meet a few. One was George Burns, who was a famous comedian and entertainer who did vaudeville, movies, radio, and TV, working steadily for more than 75 years! As a matter of fact, Bradbury's first job as a writer was working for Burns – and Bradbury got that job right away, at age 14!
But Bradbury's fame didn't come from comedy writing, but instead from writing science fiction and horror. He's considered of the greatest of the greats (although, I have to admit, his fiction is too weird and even his sci-fi is too tinged with horror for my taste).
Some of Bradbury's most famous books are Fahrenheit 451, The Martian Chronicles, and The Illustrated Man.
I found it interesting that Bradbury wrote every single day from age 12 on. Every. Single. Day! When he made that claim, he had already written every single day for 69 years – and he died at age 91, so I'm not sure, but it is possible that he wrote almost 29 THOUSAND days in a row!!!
Ray Bradbury actually wrote at least one book for kids, too: Switch on the Night.
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