You've heard of Rubik, right? Or...at least his cube?
Erno Rubik was born in Hungary during World War II. His dad was a flight engineer and his mom a poet, and Rubik combined the technical expertise of an engineer with the artistic sense of a poet to become an architect and sculptor. He also became the editor of a game and puzzle journal and a university professor in applied arts, and he has designed games, furniture, puzzles, and (nowadays) video games.
Released in 1974, Rubik's Cube became a best-seller. There have been a bunch of “sequels” and spinoff toys, and even a TV show; the cube earned a place as a permanent exhibit in New York City's Museum of Modern Art, and it entered the Oxford English Dictionary in just two years. It is widely acknowledged as the world's top-selling puzzle game and, for a while, was the world's most asked-for plaything.
Check out Rubik's “Cube Tube”! There are movies about solving the twisted puzzle – there's a bit about Justin Bieber, plus a kid solving a cube without looking—behind his back—while riding a bike!